Al-Asy'Ariyah (Sejarah Timbul, Abu Hasan al-Asy’ari dan Pokok-Pokok Ajarannya)

Beti Mulu

Abstract



In the history of Islamic thought development, it is generally known that there are two contradictory features of kalam's thought. The thought of the Mu'tazilite kalam has rational or logical thinking, whereas al-Ash'ariyyah has a traditional-style thought, kalam thought that does not give freedom of will and do to man, a small force for reason, the power of God's will that applies eternally -the absolute, and tied to the literal meaning in providing interpretation of the verses of the Qur'an. The thought of this kalam will give birth to traditional understandings of Islamic teachings and will foster sublime attitude fatalistic life in man. This understanding is found in the Ash'arite and Maturidiyyh Bukhara schools. Abu al-Hasan al-Ash'ari as the founder and founder of al-Ash'ari school, was originally a loyal follower of the Mutazilite doctrine, because of several things that contradicted his conscience, his thoughts and the social conditions of society (he felt the need to abandon that doctrine ) and even led to a new theology as a reaction against the teaching of the Mu'tazilites. In understanding the text, the Mu'tazilites used reason and then provided an interpretation of the text or the revelation according to reason. The Ash'ariah, on the contrary, first to the text of revelation and then bring the rational arguments to the text of the revelation. The Mu'tazilites used a lot of ta'wil or interpretation in understanding the texts of revelation, while the Ash'ariahs held much to the meaning of lafzi or texted from the text of revelation. In other words, the Mu'tazilites read the implicit in the text, the Ash'ariites read the explicit. At the end of the 3rd century, H appeared two prominent figures, Abu al-Hasan al-Ash'ari in Bashrah and Abu Mansur al-Maturidi in Samarkand. They were united in their denial of the Mu'tazilites. Ash'ariah is a Traditional theological school composed by Abu Hasan al-Ash'ari (935) in reaction to the Mu'tazila theology. In the classification of Islamic theology, Asy'ariah and Maturidiah are both called Sunnah Wal-Jamaah experts. Maturidiah flow is widely embraced by the Muslims who mazhab Hanafi Asy'ariah school is generally embraced by Muslims who mazhab Sunni


Keywords


Al-Asy'ariyah, Abu Hasan

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abdul Azis, Ahmad, Ensiklopedia Islam, Ali Bahasa: Drs. Bahrum Ulum M,M.Pd., (Cet.I; Jakarta: PT. Prestasi Pustakarya, 2006).

Abdul Halim, Muhammad, Memahami al-Qur’an Pendekatan gaya dan tema, Cet. I; Tebuireng: Penerbit Marja’, t. 2002.

Abu Hasan Imam Abu Hasan ‘Ali bin Isma’il al-Asy’ari, al-Ibaanah ‘an Ushul ad Diyaanah, ( Cet.IV; Danaskus: Maktabah Daar al-Bayan, 1993M/1413H).

Abu Hasan , al-Imam, Syaikh Ahlu as-Sunnah wa al-Jamaah, Ali bin Isma’il al-Asyari, Maqalaat al-Islamiyah wa Ikhtilaaf al-Mushalliin, Juz I.Bairut: al-Maktabahal-Ashriyah, 1411H/1990M.

Abu Zahrah , Al-Imam Muhammad , Taariikh al-Mazaahib al-Islamiyah fi as-Siyaasah wa al-‘Aqaaidi wa taariikhu al- Mazaahibi al-Fiqhiyah, al-Qaahirah: Daar al-Fikr al-Arabiy, 1996

Glasse Cyril , Ensiklopedia Islam, Ed.I. Cet.II; Jakarta: Raja Grafindo Persada, 1999.

Hanafi, A. M.A., Pengantar Theology Islam, Jakarta: Pustaka al-Husna, t.th.

_______,Theology Islam (Ilmu Kalam), Cet. III; Jakarta: Bulan Bintang, 1979

Iskandar al-Barsany, Noer, Dr. K.H. M.A., Biografi dan Garis Besar Pemikiran Kalam Ahlussnnah Waljamaah, Ed.I, CetI; Jakarta: PT. Raja Grafindo Persada, 2001.

Karim, M.Abdul, Sejarah Pemikiran dan Peradaban Islam, Cet. I; Yogyakarta: Pustaka Book Publisher, 2007.

Madkour , Ibrahim, Dr.Fi al-Falsafah al-Islamiyah Manhaj wa Tathbiiquh, al-juz al Tsaniy. Mekah: Daar al-Maarif, t.th.

Mudhofir Ali , Kamus Teori dan Aliran dalam Filsafat dan Teologi, Yogyakarta: Gajah Mada University Press, 1996.

Mahmud Subhy, Ahmad, Dr., Fi Ilmi al-Kalam Diraasah Falsafiyah li Araai al-Firaqi al-Islamiyah fi Ushuul d-Diin, Cet.IV; Bairut: Daar an-Nahdhah al-Arabiyah, 1405H/1985M.

Muhammad Abdi al-Karim Abi al-Fath, Ibn Abi Bakri Ahmad asy-Syahrastaany, al-Milal wa an-Nihal,Libnan-Bairut: Daar al-Fikri, t.th.

Nasution, Harun, Islam Ditinjau dari Berbagai Aspeknya, Jilid II, (CeJakarta: UI Press, 2002).

______, Teologi Islam Aliran Sejarah Analisa Perbandingan, Ed. II. Cet. I; Jakarta: Universitas Indonesia (UI-Press), 2002.

Yusuf , M. Yunan Prof. Dr., Corak Pemikiran Kalam Tafsir al_azhar Sebuah Telaah atas Pemikiran Hamka dalamTeologi Islam, Cet.II: Jakarta: Penamadani,2003




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.31332/aladl.v1i1.816

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 Al-'Adl

INDEXED:

  download

image20 g58 g927

Creative Commons License
All publications by Al-'Adl This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.