Question-Answer in ‘Ayat-Ayat Cinta’ (A Study of Speech Act in Novel)

Batmang Batmang

Abstract


This study aims to obtain information related to the forms and the uses of linkages adjacency pair of 'question-answer' used in Ayat-Ayat Cinta, as well as understand the function of the adjacent pair in establishing the integrity of the novel discourse. This study is a qualitative study which is operationally using the principles of speech act study. The speech act referred in this study is a dialogue in the novel which becomes the data source of this research. Data was collected by the following procedure: (1) to identify the overall dialogue in the novel; Ayat-Ayat Cinta; (2) to determine the adjacent pair in the form of "questions-answers."; (3) to find the forms and the links between each pair of utterances focused on "question-answer” type. The research findings indicate that the adjacent pairs of "question-answer" are found in the following forms: (1) short sentences; (2) ellipsis (3) deep structure; and (4) informal language (slang). The function of the adjacency pairs of "question-answer" in this novel are as controlling the integrity of discourse, namely (1) to express pleasure/choice of the characters; (2) to explain the identity, background and character of the characters; and (3) to reveal the history of the past of the characters.

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.31332/lkw.v4i2.984

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